In some states, the name of an upper court where civil lawsuits above the Small Claims Court limit are filed, similar to the Superior Court or District Court in other states.
Merriam-Webster Online Dictionarycircuit court (noun)
a court that sits at two or more places within one judicial district
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Circuit Court (Wikipedia)
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Circuit courts are court systems in several common law jurisdictions. The core concept of circuit courts requires judges to travel to different locales to ensure wide visibility and understanding of cases in a region. More generally, the term may also refer to a court that merely holds trials and other proceedings at a series of multiple locations in some kind of rotation.